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Journal Articles - March 2010

Australian Government: Attorney-General's Department - Emergency Management in Australia

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 Journal Articles - March 2010

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The following summaries are abstracts taken directly from each article.

A decision analysis framework for emergency notification: the case of the Sichuan earthquake.
Author: Xu, Zhengchuan
International Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.6 No.2, 2009, pp.227 - 243.
Notification is one of the major tasks for emergency responses. A timely and appropriate notification can save lives and significantly reduce damages. The importance of notification in emergency has been widely acknowledged. It is, however, challenging to make a quick and right decision on notification. This paper proposes a decision analysis framework for emergency notification with the 'six W Dimensions', namely 'when, where, who, why, what and how'.

A world 4 degrees warmer.
Author: Barley, Shanta
New Scientist, No.2728, 3 October 2009, pp.14 - 15.
By 2055, climate change is likely to have warmed by a dangerous 4 degrees unless we stop pumping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere the way we do now. This is the startling conclusion of a study by the UK Met Office, unveiled at a conference in Oxford.
Australian Safer Communities Awards.
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.64 - 65.
The 2009 Australian Safer Communities Awards ceremony was held at Old Parliament House, Canberra on Thursday 3 December, 2009. The Awards recognise best practices and innovations that help to build safer communities. They cover organisations and individuals working in risk assessment, research, education and training, information and knowledge management, prevention, preparedness, response and recovery. The Attorney-General, the Hon Robert McClelland MP, presented the Awards.

Bridge building within emergency management communities: successes, pitfalls, and future challenges.
Author: Drabek, Thomas E.
Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.7 No.5, September/October 2009, pp.11 - 18.
Despite increased nurturing efforts, emergency management continues to reflect excessive fragmentation. Individuals remain locked within differing subcultural groups, eg, researchers vs practitioners and homeland security vs emergency management orientations. The successes and failures of six specific efforts are summarized. Then, three of the most significant future challenges confronting emergency management within the United States are identified.

Bringing it all back home: continuity of government planning for local government.
Author: Clark, Robin J.
Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.7 No.5, September/October 2009, pp.19 - 31.
Continuity of government (COG) planning for local government is an important aspect of our nation's preparedness. COG plans help to prepare local government officials for emergencies in their jurisdiction by identifying legal authorities, orders of succession, and alternate facilities. This article summarizes relevant guidance, outlines key features, and provides substantive examples of the content of local government COG plans.

Can commercial enterprises prevent natural disasters?
Author: Wrobel, Leo A.
Disaster Recovery Journal, Vol.22 No.3, Summer 2009, pp.40 - 46.
One key aspect of disaster recovery planning has traditionally been about returning to business as usual after a natural disaster. But what if the effects of natural disasters could be avoided altogether? Is it time for the serious corporate contingency planner to consider proactive planning efforts geared toward mitigating or even preventing natural disasters?

Climate change: are you ready?
Author: Ting, Inga
Position Magazine, No.41, June/July 2009, pp.42 - 47.
The climate is changing, whether we are ready or not. The spatial industry, it seems, is not.

Communities helping themselves.
Author: Matsuki, Yoshio
IAEA Bulletin, Vol.50 No.2, May 2009, pp.49 - 52.
In the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident, people living in the affected regions lost the incentives for social and economic development. More than two decades on, they are now slowly taking control of their lives again.

Crisis communication during an air pollution event.
Author: Hayward, Anna
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.42 - 46.
During an emergency air pollution crisis, two options exist for potentially exposed residents: shelter-in-place or evacuate. The effectiveness of public health communication in guiding this decision is thus critical. This survey collected data on the 2004 Bayswater Scrap Metal Fire relating to perception of risk, type of communication authorities, method of communication, nature of advice, decision in response to advice, most trusted advice provider, and likelihood of behavioural change.

Disaster preparedness: a proactive approach.
Author: Daftari, Bijan
Crisis Response Journal, Vol.6 No.1, 2010, p.36.
Disaster management expert Bijan Daftari of the Natural Disaster Research Institute of Iran prepares us for disasters by putting forward an effective disaster preparedness programme.

Disasters, lessons learned, and fantasy documents.
Author: Birkland, Thomas A.
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol.17 No.3, September 2009, pp.146 - 156.
This article develops a general theory of why post-disaster 'lessons learned' documents are often 'fantasy documents'. The article describes the political and organizational barriers to effective learning from disasters, and builds on general theory building on learning from extreme events to explain this phenomenon. Fantasy documents are not generally about the 'real' causes and solutions to disasters; rather, they are generated to prove that some authoritative actor has 'done something' about a disaster. Because it is difficult to test whether learning happened after an extreme event, these post-disaster documents are generally ignored after they are published.

Effective disaster response in cross border events.
Author: Edwards, Frances L.
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol.17 No.4, December 2009, pp.255 - 265.
Disasters occur cyclically, seasonally, or in geologic time, sometimes without notice, causing loss of life and environmental and property damage. Communities must be prepared to assess their risks and the consequences of disasters, and determine which vulnerable populations will need special assistance. The building blocks of effective disaster management are risk assessment, mitigation, planning, training and exercises for response, and a good plan for recovery, whether the scope is limited to one community or is a cross border – interstate or international – event. However, cross border events create additional political, social and diplomatic challenges that require additional planning.

Effective training of mine rescue personnel: a case study.
Author: Ingham, Valerie
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.58 - 63.
A model is presented for the effective training of Mine Rescue personnel. Organising effective training sessions for a Mine Rescue team presents unique problems generated by fly in/fly out rosters and the transitory nature of personnel on a mine site. The selection strategies and criteria for Mine Rescue team members, the structure of training sessions and the overall benefits to the workplace and specific benefits to individuals will be discussed in relation to the current practice of the Mine Rescue Team at Golden Grove, Western Australia. The transferability and application of skills learned in training will be demonstrated with an actual incident within the mine’s environs.

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Engaging communities before an emergency: developing community capacity through social capital investment.
Author: Chia, Joy
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.18 - 22.
As organisations engage with communities they develop social capital that adds value to their community. Social capital in the context of this paper refers to the investment of an organisation in community programs where employee involvement is central to the success of these programs. If organisations intend to engage communities in effective emergency management, this paper suggests that relationships and networks need to be established that form the basis for all planning and community response including response to emergencies. A qualitative study of Australian and Canadian credit union employees’ community engagement indicated that organisations need to actively engage with their local and regional communities by giving back, volunteering and partnering with other organisations such as local hospitals, schools and non-profit organisations so they have the capacity to respond to issues and emergencies. Credit unions’ social responsiveness is fundamental to their business practice and it is the platform for community engagement and responsiveness.

Engaging volunteers in an emergency management organisation.
Author: Ranse, Jamie
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.36 - 41.
The recruitment and retention of volunteers is a perennial and significant concern for emergency management organisations. This research aimed to identify factors associated with the successful engagement and retention of volunteers in an emergency management organisation. Six focus groups were undertaken with participants from both rural and metropolitan areas of one Australian jurisdiction. A number of themes were identified for the volunteer’s reasons to join, leave and stay in a volunteer emergency management organisation. The notion of retention should not be a focus for organisations; rather volunteer emergency management organisations should implement and enhance strategies to engage volunteers.

Equine influenza: horsing about with a quarantine crisis.
Author: Howell, Gwyneth
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.23 - 29.
Crises are unpredictable events that can impact an organisation’s viability, credibility and reputation. When a crisis affects the animals in a rural industry worth $9 billion per year, all those affected turned to State and Federal government agencies for information, communication and news. In 2007, the horse industry in New South Wales stalled as equine influenza spread across the state. At its peak, 47,000 horses were infected, and horse owners and industry workers faced an unknown future. The disease was eradicated within six months and by July 2008 horse industry operations had returned to normal. This paper examines the critical role that traditional and new media played in the communication program for this crisis and concludes radio remains a vital component of the communication mix in a geographically widespread crisis.

Evacuation responsiveness by government organisations (ERGO): a preparedness toolkit for Europe.
Author: Kailiponi, Paul
IAEM Bulletin, Vol.27 No.1, January 2010, pp.17 - 18.
Governments across Europe are preparing to evacuate their public in response to major catastrophic incidents. However, because the need for mass evacuation is rare, there are few examples of good practice from which to learn. Thus, evacuation preparedness may need to rely on officials' personal experience as well as assessments of how operational targets can be met given different resource configurations and evacuation policies.

Federalism and the emergency services.
Author: Wilkins, Roger
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.3 - 6.
Catastrophes or potential catastrophes and disasters are getting bigger and more complex. Our technological capacity to deal with catastrophes is becoming ever more sophisticated. Intelligence and information – warnings and foreknowledge – is becoming more important and more possible. Public expectations about what should be done to avoid, mitigate and recover from catastrophes and disasters are more demanding.

Five best practices, five frequent mistakes.
Author: Grabner, Bill
Disaster Recovery Journal, Vol.22 No.3, Summer 2009, pp.56 - 60.
Describes the mistakes that can cause emergency communication systems to undergo excessive stress or possibility fail in a disaster, and what steps should be taken to improve performance.

From intercrisis to intracrisis.
Author: Moynihan, Donald P.
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol.17 No.3, September 2009, pp.189 - 198.
This article focuses on collective learning during crises, i.e., intracrisis learning. Intracrisis learning is challenging because decisionmakers must act in a short time frame under conditions of cognitive limitations and political pressure. Intracrisis learning is also complicated by the fact that it usually involves a network of responders, rather than a single organization. The article examines the role of a structural framework, the Incident Command System, in mediating this challenge. The article also describes an example of intracrisis learning, where responders learned from one another, and via virtual experiences, information systems, learning forums, and standard operating procedures.

Haiti's agony.
Author: Elliott, Michael
Time Australia, 25 January 2010, pp.16 - 22.
One of the worst-ever natural disasters in the western hemisphere leaves the Haitian capital in ruins. What it will take to rebuild?

If schools are closed, who will watch our kids? Family caregiving and other sources of role conflict among nurses during large-scale outbreaks.
Author: O'Sullivan, Tracey L.
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, Vol.24 No.4, July-August 2009, pp.321 - 325.
The global impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) brought attention to the role of healthcare professionals as “first receivers” during infectious disease outbreaks, a collateral aspect to their role as responders. This article records and reports concerns expressed by Canadian emergency and critical care nurses in terms of organizational and social supports required during infectious disease outbreaks. The nature of work-family and family-work conflict perceived and experienced by nurses during infectious disease outbreaks, as well as the supports needed to enable them to balance their social roles during this type of heightened stress, are explored.

Islam for fire fighters: a case study on an education program for emergency services.
Author: Fozdar, Farida
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.47 - 53.
Emergency services are increasingly recognizing the need to engage with the diverse communities they serve. In an emergency management context, reciprocal trust based on awareness and understanding is essential during times of natural disasters, emergencies and other catastrophic events. This paper describes an initiative by the Fire and Emergency Services Authority of Western Australia to build its capacity to deal appropriately with an increasingly visible, and marginalized, minority - the Muslim community- through a program designed to raise awareness and understanding among its staff. Despite some initial internal reticence and broader community criticism, outcomes included raised levels of awareness among FESA members of diversity issues generally, improved knowledge of Islam and related cultural issues, and a number of strong partnerships leading to further community development activities. This paper describes the social, political and organizational context in which the training was developed, and reflects on the personal experiences and lessons learnt by the program developers.

Issues and lessons from fire inquiry tribunals.
Author: Aini, M.S.
Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol.18 No.4, 2009, pp.434 - 442.
The purpose of this article is to identify the phases associated with the development of disasters, understand their underlying causes and learn lessons from them. Using a grounded theory approach, reports of the tribunal of inquiry into the three fire disasters in the country were used to analyse the data.

Lessons from H1N1's first wave.
Author: Phelps, Regina
Risk Management, Vol.56 No.9, November 2009, pp.26 - 30.
In the United States, the H1N1 outbreak was originally more bark than bite. But as it threatens to return worse than ever, risk managers must ensure their companies are ready for the worst. Fortunately, the pandemic's first wave taught us four key facts that be used to plan for this year's flu season.

Lessons learned from Victoria.
Australian Security Magazine, November/December 2009, p.6.
The release of the 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission Interim Report, which included 51 recommendations to be implemented by the 2010 bushfire season, has prompted a wave of activity aimed at improving Australia's disaster preparedness.

Mapping Australia.
Author: Fairall, Jon
Position Magazine, Issue 43, October - November 2009, pp.10 -11.
The global problem of climate change has boosted mapping in Australia.

Media access to emergencies: command, control or co-ordination?
Author: Eburn, Michael
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.13 - 17.
This paper considers whether or not the emergency services have the legal power to restrict media access to a disaster area or to restrict how the media report the event. It is argued that as the media have a legitimate interest in reporting on disaster events, the emergency services need to facilitate their access to the disaster rather than attempt to control how the media go about their task. It is argued that the media and emergency services organisations must coordinate their response for the benefit of the emergency service organisation, the media and the public generally. The emergency services do not have the legal power to take any other approach.

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National climate change action for emergency management.
Author: Mitchell, Louise
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.74 - 76.
Viewing emergency management issues through the lens of a changing climate was the challenge put to a workshop held at the Australian Emergency Management Institute in July 2009. The aim of the workshop was to further develop the National Climate Change Action Plan for the emergency management sector. The current predictions for climate change in Australia were presented along with the implications for emergency management. A discussion paper due out in December 2009 will report on some of the strategies that are being considered and implemented in the climate change adaptation space relevant to the emergency management field in Australia.

Natural disaster and financial risk management.
Author: Oh, K.B.
International Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.6 No.2, 2009, pp.215 - 226.
This paper explores and discusses the financial issues faced by firms in a natural disaster. It introduces the disaster risk environment and the factors that affect the operations of a firm. The implications of a natural disaster in terms of unsystematic and systematic risks, investment evaluation, strategic investment, and risk and compliance are addressed. It provides a framework to analyse the disaster risk exposure of a firm and how it might be used in risk management. The discussions in this paper are relevant to the Wenchuan earthquake in China in May 2008.

Navigating the road to recovery: steps integral to healthy rebuilding.
Author: Norman, Joshua
Disaster Recovery Journal, Vol.22 No.3, Summer 2009, pp.50 - 54.
Industry leaders and government officials are not only witness but instrumental players in the emerging paradigm shift in the emergency management field. In regions prone to hurricane and tropical storm activity, the tide is turning away from traditional policies based on practical approaches of preparation and response to long-term recovery. Grounded in the foundations of first responder training, this mindset has consistently dominated the emergency management field and was later reinforced by the terrorist attacks of Sept.11, 2001.

New business.
Author: Fairall, Jon
Position Magazine, No.41, June/July 2009, pp.51 - 54.
Climate change may threaten our way of life, but it also brings options for new work.

Oceans of change.
Author: Mohaghegh, Mostafa
Crisis Response Journal, Vol.6 No.1, 2010, p.31.
Extreme weather and events have already begun to shape the world its people, with poorer societies particularly facing a dire future.

Overseas assistance.
Crisis Response Journal, Vol.6 No.1, 2010, p.27.
The British Red Cross describes the facets of its international response operations and how it has been called upon to help in numerous high profile natural disasters in the Asia Pacific Region.

Pacific tsunami: supporting Samoa and Tonga.
Impact, Vol. 36., December 2009, pp. 5-7.
On September 30 at 06.48 a magnitude 8.0 submarine earthquake occurred just south of Samoa. The tsunami generated by this event caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga.

Partnerships for effective campus crisis responses.
Author: Ingemann, Mira
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, Vol.11 No.2, Spring 2009, pp. 97 - 103.
Violence on college campuses has spurred administrators and campus safety officials to devise effective crisis management and threat assessment strategies. The college community lends itself to a systematic multi-component model of crisis intervention primarily due to its self-contained and widespread interconnected social networks. The CISM model for a crisis response is an empirically supported program that would inform practice prior to, during, and following university-based crises. Ultimately, best practices in the world of academia should rest on a foundation of detailed preparation, interdepartmental collaboration and coordination, extensive specialized training, and periodic review of campus protocols to assess for systemic changes.

Plea for equipment.
Author: Ramos, Ivonne
Crisis Response Journal, Vol.6 No.1, 2010, pp.34 - 35.
Located on the north-western corner of the South American continent is Colombia, a country whose geographic position on the 'Pacific Ring of fire' and on the Nazca and South American tectonic plates, makes it prone to diverse disasters.

Power points: how to develop effective training presentations.
Author: Kammeyer, John
Journal of Emergency Medical Services, Vol.34, No.6, September 2009, pp.46 - 49.
Microsoft PowerPoint is used 1.25 million times per hour across the world. In emergency medical services, it's used in almost all the training rom instructing paramedics on new treatment protocols to demonstrating manipulative skills used on the fireground. We also see it used pervasively at our conferences. The trouble is that EMS instructors and speakers usually don't have formal training in presentation development or delivery. They have the technical knowledge and skills to the use the software, but lack the ability to create and deliver a compelling presentation.

Prepare. Act. Survive.
Author: Tesoriero, Mark
Police Life, December 2009, pp.8 - 9.
The scars of the devastating Black Saturday bushfires have barely healed and again Victorians are being asked to brace for another possible disaster.

Preparing for the world risk society: towards a new security paradigm for the European Union.
Author: Boin, Arjen
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol.17 No.4, December 2009, pp.285 - 294.
This article investigates the role of the European Union in the development of new safety and security arrangements. It identifies conceptual building blocks for a new security paradigm and offers design principles that can facilitate a shared way of thinking and acting in the safety and security domain.

Preventable catastrophe: the Hurricane Katrina disaster revisited.
Author: Parker, Charles F.
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol.17 No.4, December 2009, pp.206 - 220.
This article probes the warning-response failures that left the city of New Orleans vulnerable to catastrophic hurricanes and the inability of local, state, and federal authorities to mount an adequate response to the consequences unleashed by Hurricane Katrina. Through an empirical exploration with the help of three broad explanatory 'cuts' derived from the relevant interdisciplinary literature – psychological, bureau-organizational, and agenda-political – the authors seek to shed light on the sources of failure that contributed to the various levels of governments' lack of preparedness and the inadequate collective response to a long-predicted, upper-category hurricane. The article concludes by addressing the question of whether the vulnerabilities and problems that contributed to the Katrina failure are amenable to reform.

Protecting a region's infrastructure assets.
Author: Davis, Sandra
Disaster Recovery Journal, Vol.22 No.3, Summer 2009, pp.62 - 64.
Disaster preparedness planning for a major disaster must include planning for the protection of key infrastructure assets. Without a plan, experts estimate it could take at least 12 to 18 months to repair the electrical systems within the Portland urban area, and restoring other assets from drinking water to highways could also take significant time and resources. Meanwhile everyday events such as windstorms and floods also place critical infrastructure at risk.

Public relations in a crisis decision-making kaleidoscope.
Author: Mirandilla, Kate A.
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.30 - 35.
Once gaining a seat in crisis decision-making teams, do public relations practitioners regard themselves as ‘decision-makers’? This paper presents emerging themes from wider doctoral research in best practice in organisational crisis decisionmaking. This on-going study includes a synergy of perspectives among decisionmakers in making sense of how decisions are developed during crises. Similar to kaleidoscopes revealing various patterns depending on which lens is used, this wider study reveals insights on crisis decisionmaking across three lenses in crisis teams, namely 1) members of senior management in organisations, 2) public relations (PR) practitioners, and 3) members of authorities. Myriad of views among these crisis sensemakers points to core elements in best practice in organisational crisis decision making.

Quake in Sumatra.
Author: Holland, John
Crisis Response Journal, Vol.6 No.1, 2010, pp.16 - 17.
Team leader of RAPID-UK's response to the Sumatran earthquake in September, says the international response demonstrated the massive challenges of co-ordinating a near-overwhelming influx into a disaster area.

Reconsidering the business continuity professional's boundaries.
Author: Zawada, Brian
Disaster Recovery Journal, Vol.22 No.3, Summer 2009, pp.12 - 16.
Business continuity professionals are often charged with preparing organizations for natural disasters, man-made events and technology failure (commonly known as availability-related risks) As a result, executive managers task the members of our profession with making workplaces, people, technology and equipment/suppleis available following disruptive events. Some business continuity professionals tackle issues described as "operational risks", such as supply chain issues. Interestingly enough, other risks with business continuity implications often remain unaddressed and untreated. These risks often lack the proper coordination in order to mitigate the risk or respond appropriately. But why?

Rethinking emergency management.
Author: Begando, Anthony D.
Disaster Recovery Journal, Vol.22 No.3, Summer 2009, pp.30 - 34.
From hurricane and floods to pandemics and bioterrorism: how can we get the most out of private-public partnerships.

Review of emergency management related to the Wenchuan earthquake: a special section.
Author: Wu, Desheng Dash
International Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.6 No.2, 2009, pp.208 - 214.
Earthquakes are among the most terrifying and destructive natural disasters threatening humans. As the Wenchuan earthquake in China of May 2008 turned out to be one of the most severe threats to people's lives, with the number of dead being more than 80,000, we have to study the lessons from the earthquake disaster as an opportunity to better prepare ourselves for future disasters. This paper provides a review of state-of-the-art studies related to the Wenchuan earthquake.

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Revolutionised reporting on CBRN.
Author: Oppenheimer, Andy
Crisis Response Journal, Vol.6 No.1, 2010, pp.46 - 47.
This article analyses increasing media responsiveness to CBRN and terrorist incidents and its effectiveness in assisting first responders and the public.

Safety culture assessment: a mission impossible?
Author: Antonsen, Stian
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol.17 No.4, December 2009, pp.242 - 254.
How, if at all, is it possible to assess aspects of organizational culture and the way culture influences safety? This question concerns the possibility of proactive assessments: whether it is possible to 'predict' if an organization is prone to having major accidents on the basis of safety culture assessments. The article presents an empirical analysis of this question by comparing the results of a quantitative safety culture assessment on the Norwegian oil and gas platform Snorre Alpha, with the results of a qualitative investigation after a major incident on the platform.

Seismic boom.
Author: Fisher, Richard
New Scientist, No.2719, 1 August 2009, pp.32 - 35.
Imagine a rupture that travels along a fault line so fast it overtakes its shock waves.

Significance of communication in emergency management.
Author: Ryan, Barbara
Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.25 No.1, January 2010, pp.54 - 57.
This paper examines the significance of communication in the field of emergency management through an analysis of reviews and debriefs of Australian emergency incidents and exercises.

Singapore prepared.
Crisis Response Journal, Vol.6 No.1, 2010, pp.21 - 23.
The newly appointed Commissioner of the Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) outlines how innovation, people, technology and the community all have a vital role to play in a prepared and resilient society.

Strategic technology planning in higher education.
Author: Nguyen, Frank
Performance improvement, Vol.48 No.7, August 2009, pp.31 - 40.
This article presents a conceptual framework for the writing process to facilitate motivation, learning, retention, and knowledge transfer in readers of expository material.

Studying preparedness in teaching hospitals affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences, 2006.
Author: Shojaei, Parisa
Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol.18 No.4, 2009, pp.379 - 387.
Hospitals are all required to be prepared against crisis, while according to studies, most hospitals are not prepared enough to encounter disaster problems. Therefore, each hospital should have an established programme to face earthquake and other catastrophes. This paper aims to investigate this issue.

Tabletop exercises in a struggling economy.
Author: Koch, Mick
Disaster Recovery Journal, Vol.22 No.3, Summer 2009, pp.24 - 28.
How to maximise effectiveness of tabletop exercises.

Tackling challenges in infrastructure operation and control: cross-sectoral learning for process and infrastructure engineers.
Author: Lukszo, Zofia
The need for improving the operation and control of infrastructure systems has created a demand for optimisation and control methods that are applicable in the area of complex networked systems, which are operated by a multitude of actors in a setting of decentralised decision making. This paper explores the applicability of the techniques often used.

The failure of organizational learning from crisis: a matter of life and death?
Author: Elliott, Dominic
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol.17 No.3, September 2009, pp.157 - 168.
The continuing failure of organizations to learn from crisis has many costs, social, political, financial and individual and may be attributable to a misunderstanding of learning processes. This paper maps out contributions to learning from crisis from a number of fields. Central to the paper's argument is that the separation of policy development from practice, in theory and action, has contributed to a failure to learn. The paper considers two cases where the failure of child protection services resulted in the deaths of the children concerned. These two cases, separated by seven years, were connected by the failure of the same local authorities and agencies. The paper concludes with a number of observations concerning the public inquiry process.

The lessons of flight 253.
Author: Duffy, Michael
Time Australia, 11 January 2010, pp.14 - 18.
Missed signs, cumbersome lists and spotty screening permitted a terrorist to take a makeshift bomb on a Christmas flight to Detroit. What the U.S. should learn from a near calamity.

The life cycle of weak signals related to safety.
Author: Brizon, Ambre
International Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.6 No.2, 2009, pp.117 - 135.
This paper addresses the problem of weak signals management in the domain of industrial safety.

The logistics of humanitarian emergencies: notes from the field.
Author: McClintock, Andrew
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol.17 No.4, December 2009, pp.295 - 302.
Well- managed logistics (an effective supply-chain), is central to any disaster response. Professionalism of this discipline – in theory and in practice - has improved much western manufacturing and distribution. This article, written in the light of both theoretical study of the discipline and practical experience of African and Asian field-logistics, describes some of its distinctive features, when finely-pitched arrangements do not work.

The view-finder project: part II.
Author: De Smet, Hans
Crisis Response Journal, Vol.6 No.1, 2010, pp.48 - 50.
The authors describe how they have developed a flexible and generic crisis management tool.

The wisdom of crowds.
Author: Diacono, Jose
Position Magazine, No.41, June/July 2009, pp.60 - 63.
Victoria's Notification and Editing System empowers users and eliminates black holes.

The world on fire.
Author: Bowman, David
New Scientist, No.2729, 10 October 2009, pp.28 - 29.
From California to Australia to Greece, recent devastating wildfires are not only a terrifying reminder of human powerlessness, they are also a seriously under-acknowledged contributor to - and consequence of - climate change.

The write brain: how to educate and entertain with learner-centred writing.
Author: Iverson, Kathleen M.
Performance Improvement, Vol.48 No.7, August 2009, pp.20 - 25.
This article presents a conceptual framework for the writing process to facilitate motivation, learning, retention, and knowledge transfer in readers of expository material. Drawing from four well-developed bodies of knowledge - cognitive science, learning theory, technical communication, and creative writing - the author creates a model that allows developers of performance and educational content to facilitate learning.

Three decades of disasters: a review of disaster-specific literature from 1977 - 2009.
Author: Smith, Erin
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, Vol.24 No.4, July-August 2009, pp.306 - 311.
The potential for disasters exists in all communities. To mitigate the potential catastrophes that confront humanity in the new millennium, an evidence-based approach to disaster management is required urgently. This study moves toward such an evidence-based approach by identifying peer-reviewed publications following a range of disasters and events over the past three decades.

TokioKazanRisk: modelling volcanic risk in Japan.
Author: Magill, Christina
Risk Frontiers, Vol.9 No.1, September 2009, pp.1- 3.
The 1707 Hoei eruption of Mount Fuji deposited four centimetres of tephra in central Tokyo with much larger thicknesses falling in Western Kanagawa. A repeat of this event would have severe economic consequences for the Greater Tokyo area, causing flow-on effects to Japanese and global economies.

Transboundary crisis through the eyes of policymakers: sense making and crisis management.
Author: Hermann, Margaret G.
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol.17 No.4, December 2009, pp.233 - 241.
If the world of crisis is changing, it is crucial to understand how policymakers perceive these new, transboundary threats. This article explores how policymakers made sense of such crises in 81 cases.

Using tabletop exercises to learn about crisis management: empirical evidence.
Author: Nilsson, Jerry
International Journal of Emergency Management, Vol.6 No.2, 2009, pp.136 - 151.
Tabletop exercises are often used for learning purposes in the area of crisis management, yet their potential for this is far from clear. The study examines the learning outcomes achieved by a group of persons taking part in tabletop exercises in which they assess the crisis management capabilities of the organisation to which they belong and suggest possible improvements.

What's the real cost of disaster recovery?
Author: Burton, Kevin
Disaster Recovery Journal, Vol.22 No.3, Summer 2009, pp.66 - 67.
This article illustrates the five-year cost performance of a hot-site agreement versus just-in-time (JIT), provisioning model applied to a mid-sized organization. The illustration compares two recovery tactics that are at different ends of the recovery option strategy spectrum and is designed as an illustration that will allow the reader to consider their individual choices in light of these two extremes.

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