In March 2003 the House of Representatives appointed a Select Committee on recent Australian bushfires to identify measures that can be implemented by governments, industry and the community to minimise the incidence of bushfires and their impact on life, property and the environment.
The Select Committee's report, titled 'A Nation Charred', was tabled in October 2003. It contains 59 recommendations that identify areas for possible action by the Australian and State and Territory governments, the Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre, the insurance industry, Standards Australia and the Australasian Fire Authorities Council.
Recognising the work of the Select Committee's Report, on 8 September 2004 the Australian Government announced the allocation of $24 million over the next three years to assist local communities to better prepare for bushfires. This funding is comprised of $15 million for the construction, maintenance and signage of fire trail networks; an additional $3 million for the Bushfire CRC and $6 million towards a Bushfire Awareness and Preparedness Day.
This money is in addition to the Australian Government's commitment of $68.5 million over 5 years for the Natural Disaster Mitigation Program announced in the 2003-2004 Budget.
In the 2004-2005 Budget the Australian Government also announced a further $16.5 million over three years for the National Aerial Firefighting Centre ($5.5 million per annum from 2004-2005 to 2006-2007) as its contribution to aerial firefighting operations.
The Australian Government response to the Nairn Report was tabled in Parliament on 15 September 2005.